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Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes)


Pleuronectiformes is an order of ray-finned fishes characterized by their flat shape. Pleuronectiformes also mean “side-swimmers”. Some species are able to almost disappear on the ocean floor with only their eyes being visible.

There are about 400 described species belonging to this order.

 

Species list:

hippoglossoides platessoidesHippoglossoides platessoides
(American plaice)

Scientific name: Hippoglossoides platessoides (Fabricius, 1780)
Popular names: American plaice or sole
Danish name: Håising

Family: Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders)

Distribution: North Atlantic Ocean
Capture sites: Davis Strait, Denmark Strait and North Sea

Depth: 10 - 3000 meter
Max. size: 83 cm / 6.4 kg

 

Description


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hippoglossus hippoglossusHippoglossus hippoglossus (Atlantic halibut)

Scientific name: Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Popular names: Atlantic halibut
Danish name: Helleflynder

Family: Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders)

Distribution: North Atlantic Ocean
Depth: 50 - 2000 meter
Max. size: ~ 470 cm /~ 320 kg

 

Description


 

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reinhardtius hippoglossoidesReinhardtius hippoglossoides (Greenland halibut)

Scientific name: Reinhardtius hippoglosoides (Walbaum, 1792)

Popular names: Greenland halibut
Danish name: Hellefisk

Family: Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders)

Distribution: Northern Atlantic Ocean, Northern Pacific Ocean
Depth: 200 - 2000 meter
Max. size: ~ 125 cm / ~ 45 kg

 

Description


 

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Scophthalmus maximus Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)

Scientific name: Psetta maximus (Lacepède, 1803)
Popular names: Turbot
Danish name: Pighvarre

Family: Scophthalmidae (Turbots)

Depth: 20 - 70 meter (demersal)
Max. size: 100 cm / 25 kg

Capture sites: The North Sea

Description



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